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Yamaha was established as a manufacturer of organs in the 19th century, adding pianos in 1900, and hi-fi devices in 1964. In 1955 the Yamaha Motor Co Ltd was separated from the rest of the company, as a motorcycle manufacturer, under Genichi Kawakami, eldest son of the president of the musical instrument company. The first machine was the air-cooled single-cylinder 125cc YA-1. It was immediately successful in races, and was followed in 1956 by the 175cc YC-1. In 1958 the MF-1 50cc scooter was launched, and the YD-1 250cc two-stroke twin in 1959. Yamaha's first Grand Prix win was in Belgium in 1964, in the 250cc class. Yamaha and Toyota jointly produced the Toyota 2000 GT sports car at the new Iwata plant in 1966. rnIn 1968 the DT-1 Enduro was launched, said to be 'the first true off-road motorcycle'. In 1968 the first Yamaha Snowmobile was launched, the SL350, and in 1970 came the first Yamaha four-stroke motorcycle, the 650cc XS-1. From 1975 the YZ Monocross bikes were produced, and in 1978 the XS1100 four-cylinder, shaft-drive motorcycle appeared. Also in 1978 the XS650 Special was launched, the first production 'Cruiser' from a Japanese maker. In 1980 the three-wheeler Tr-Moto ATV appeared, along with the G1-E electric golf cart. The Virago 750, was launched in 1981, the first air-cooled Vee-twin cruiser. The FZ750 of 1984 was the first production five valve per cylinder motorcycle, and in the same year the YFM200 was Yamaha's first four-wheel ATV. In 1985 the V-Max 1200 'muscle-bike' was launched. Personal watercraft appeared in 1987, the sit-down WaveRunner and the stand-up WaveJammer. In 1996 the 1300cc, V4 Royal Star hit the market, and in 1998 the YZ400F four-stroke motocross machine appeared, along with the YZF-R1 sport bike and the Grizzly 600 4x4 ATV200
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