AUTO REVIEW AR85 Pedals & Motors by Rod Ward

Product Code: AR85

£5.95
£3.96

Early primitive machines led to large scale production of safe and speedy bicycles in the Victorian era. At the height of the late 19th century cycling craze many minds were turning towards ways of motorising these popular machines. Some inventors went on to develop motor cars, but others stayed with the two-wheeler. In the Auto Review series we have previously covered scooters (motorised two-wheelers with a footboard and step-through frame) and British motorcycles (motorised two-wheelers which the rider straddles, but which do not have pedals) so in this publication we tackle machines which have both pedals and a motor. In order to give the context, we first tell the story of the pedal cycle. Early attempts to motorise bicycles retained the pedals for two main reasons: firstly the engine was ‘bump-started’ by pedalling the machine along until it was going fast enough for the motor to spin up and start. Secondly, early engines were not reliable, and had limited range, so the rider could well need the pedals to get him home. The bump-start principle was retained on the ‘moped’, or motorised pedal cycle, though more sophisticated machines in later years could have a kick-start or electric self-starter.
Another avenue for the enterprising inventor was to market a ‘clip-on’ or auxiliary motor which could be fitted by an owner to his bicycle. These took various forms, including a motor integral with the wheel, or a motor which powered a roller in contact with the front or rear bicycle tyre.
Although it is often thought that the heyday of the clip-on was in the post-1945 austerity period, these devices date back to the earliest pioneering days. When a pedal bicycle was sold with a small auxiliary motor already fitted it was called an autocycle, but these were superseded by mopeds in the 1950s. The modern pedelecs and eBikes are also described here, so that the whole story of Pedals and Motors is told in this publication.

Delivery Information

Orders can be placed online, by phone or by post. The UK Postal address for orders is: Oxford Diecast Ltd, PO Box 363, Southampton S014 0TJ

As well as accepting sterling cheques we accept Euro cheques (over 50 euros) and US$ cheques (over 50 dollars).

The postage charges for non members are:

Order Value: £0.00 - £19.99

UK: £2.95
Europe: £4.45
USA: £5.45

Rest of the World: £6.45

Order Value: £20.00 & Over

UK: £4.95
Europe: £5.95
USA: £6.95

Rest of the World: £6.95

Orders are dispatched within 3 working days and can take between 3-5 working days for UK mainland.

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We can ship to virtually any address in the world. Note that there are restrictions on some products, and some products cannot be shipped to international destinations. Please click here to learn more about our international postage.

Returns Policy

You may return most new, unopened items within 30 days of delivery for a full refund. We'll also pay the return shipping costs if the return is a result of our error (you received an incorrect or defective item, etc.).

You should expect to receive your refund within four weeks of giving your package to the return shipper, however, in many cases you will receive a refund more quickly. This time period includes the transit time for us to receive your return from the shipper (5 to 10 business days), the time it takes us to process your return once we receive it (3 to 5 business days), and the time it takes your bank to process our refund request (5 to 10 business days).

If you need to return an item, please contact our customer services team on 023 8024 8850

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